P-3 Visa Artist or Entertainer Coming to Be Part of a Culturally Unique Program

P-3 Classification

  • Person coming temporarily to perform, teach or coach as artists or entertainers, individually or as part of a group, under a program that is “culturally unique”.
  • Program can be of commercial or non-commercial nature that will further the understanding or development of the art form.

Eligibility Criteria

  • Purpose is developing, interpreting, representing, coaching, or teaching a unique or traditional ethnic, folk, cultural, musical, theatrical, or artistic performance or presentation.
  • Not limited to traditional a

P-2 Visa Individual Performer or Part of a Group Entering to Perform Under a Reciprocal Exchange Program

P-2 Classification

  • Artist or entertainer, individually or as part of a group, who will perform under a reciprocal exchange program between an organization in the United States and an organization in another country.
  • The organizations should provide for temporary exchange of artists, entertainers or groups.

Eligibility Criteria

  • Artist entering the United States through a government recognized reciprocal exchange program.
  • Possess skills comparable to those of the United States artists and entertainers taking part in the program outside the United States.

P-1B Visa Member of an Internationally Recognized Entertainment Group

P-1B Classification

  • Temporary visit to the United States to perform as a member of an entertainment group.
  • Entertainment group must be recognized internationally as outstanding in the discipline for a sustained and substantial period of time.
  • Seeks to enter temporarily and solely for purpose of performing in “a competition, event or performance”. This includes short vacations, promotional appearances and incidental stopovers, and can include an entire season, itinerary and contract.
  • Individual entertainers are omitted if performing separate and apart from the group. They must get O-1.

Eligibility Criteria

  • An entertainment group may be as few as 2 persons.
  • If a solo artist or entertainer traditionally performs with backup singers or muscisians, the act can be classified as a group as long as 75% of them have been together for one year or more. If they do not meet the 75% rule then the solo artist must qualify as O-1 and the musicians as O-2.
  • Reputation of group, not the individual achievements of its members or the acclaim of a particular production, is essential
  • Individual entertainers not performing as part of a group are not eligible for this visa classification.

Special Provisions for Certain Entertainment Groups

  • Alien circus performers and essential circus personnel are exempt the one year requirement and the internationally recognized requirement. The alien or aliens must be coming to join a nationally recognized circus.
  • Certain nationally known entertainment groups may have the internationally recognized requirement waived if they can establish they have been recognized nationally as outstanding in its discipline for a sustained amount of time in consideration of special circumstances.

P-1A Visa Internationally Recognized Athlete

P-1A Classification

  • Temporary visit to the United States as an individual athlete or part of a group or athletic team.
  • Should have internationally recognized level of performance.

Individual Athletes Eligibility Criteria

  • You must be coming to the United States to participate in individual event, competition or performance in which you are internationally recognized with a high level of achievement.
  • Internationally recognized means “a high level of achievement evidenced by a degree of skill and recognition substantially above that ordinarily encountered, to the extent such achievement is renowned, leading or well known in more than one country”.

Athletic Teams Eligibility Criteria

  • You must be coming to the United States to participate in team events and must have achieved significant international recognition in the sport.
  • The event in which your team is participating must be distinguished and require the participation of athletic teams of international recognition.
  • An athletic team may be as few as 2 persons.